Boulder, CO (August 1, 2017) Black Swift Technologies (BST), a specialized engineering firm based in Boulder, CO, announced today that their small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS), SuperSwift, has been selected by The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) as the sUAS Observation System (sUASOS) for wildfire measurements in support of NOAAs FIREX field mission and their fire weather forecasting initiative. With a legacy of delivering highly accurate sUAS that are Modular by Nature, Accurate by Design, Black Swift Technologies continues to be the sUAS platform of choice for scientific atmospheric monitoring and discovery.
BST will deliver to NOAA a tightly integrated system consisting of an airframe, avionics, and multiple sensors capable of research-quality measurements of CO2, CO, aerosol, RH, p, and T in wildfire plumes, and multispectral high-resolution maps of wildfires. The sUAS which will be operated by the University of Colorados Integrated Remote & In Situ Sensing Program (IRISS) in close collaboration with NOAA.
One of the purposes of IRISS is to work with the science community to develop and deploy platforms which make primarily in situ measurements, says Brian Argrow, Chair, Ann and H.J. Smead Aerospace Engineering Sciences; Director, Integrated Remote & In Situ Sensing Program (IRISS). This naturally lead us to partnerships with NOAA on the science perspective, and to Black Swift Technologies for their sUAS technology and expertise. Its a partnership that looks like a three-legged stool with the science interest of NOAA, the technology and engineering expertise of IRISS, and the unique sUAS platform designed by Black Swift Technologies, as the corresponding legs.
The FireFOX sUAS is based on BSTs commercially available SuperSwift airframe and SwiftCore Flight Management Systemwhich have been proven in the field to provide a cost-effective, powerful, and easy-to-operatethe SuperSwift [figure 1] is specifically engineered to meet the demands of high altitude flights through strong winds and damaging airborne particulates typical of nomadic scientific field campaigns in harsh environments.
While there are many sUAS manufacturers for agencies like NOAA to consider, most are simply not suitable for scientific atmospheric measurements, states Jack Elston, Ph.D., CEO of Black Swift Technologies. The SuperSwift addresses NOAAs requirements for endurance and operational radius (> 2 hours, and between 30 to 60km) sufficient for fire observations, its payload capability (up to 5 pounds), and its unique forward-facing payload bay, ideal for atmospheric sampling and for easy instrument package swapping.
The ultimate goal of NightFOX is to perform nighttime in situ measurements of wildfire plumes and remote measurements of wildfire properties (Figure 2), and use of the measured data for fire weather forecast improvement. Due to safety concerns, manned aircraft flights are limited to daytime operations due to dangers associated with nighttime operations. Ground observations using a mobile laboratory provide detailed chemical information on fire plumes, but lack information on plume spatial (vertical and horizontal) distribution to put the point measurements in context. UAS observations are the only technology capable of this task. sUAS observations can indeed provide useful information for firefighting efforts by accurately detecting fire perimeter and identifying fire hotspots, but have not attempted to make measurements relevant to studying fire emissions or incorporate observations into fire forecast models.
Our proposed work, if successful, will significantly advance the integration of UAS-based observations of wildfires into fire-weather modeling and forecasting, says Dr. Ru-Shan Gao, Principal Investigator, Chemical Sciences Division, Earth Systems Research Laboratory, NOAA. The collected data will also provide otherwise missing data for studying the impact of North American wildfires on the atmosphere and human health, and ultimately supporting better land management decisions and practices, thus contributing to NOAA OARs core mission (to) advance understanding and prediction of the Earth System to enhance society’s ability to make effective decisions.
Fully Integrated Solution
The existence of a sUAS capable of carrying the necessary instruments routinely through harsh environments adds an invaluable contribution to the calibration and validation of data collected from ground- and satellite-based methods.
The innovations of the SuperSwift, including the total sensor suite, can be utilized for scientific research by federal and state public agencies and other state-funded laboratories to collect data on coherent atmospheric structures such as smog, volcano plumes, wildfire smoke, chemical fires, forest humidity, studying oil and gas field flares for calibration/validation of satellite measurements, etc.
The Ultimate Goal
NOAA is interested in a UAS observational system (UASOS) that can use be used for fire-related measurements, and so in a sense what we want to know is when and where does the fire flow and ultimately what kind of fire and air quality will result regionally, notes Dr. Gao. We want to monitor the fire and incorporate the remote and in situ measurements into a fire forecast model so ultimately we’ll be able to do better fire forecasts that will help firefighters better fight the fire and keep human and property losses to a minimum.
About Black Swift Technologies
Founded in 2011, Black Swift Technologies LLC, develops custom small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS) solutions leveraging the SwiftCore Flight Management System (FMS) consisting of the SwiftPilot autopilot system, the SwiftTab tablet-based user interface, the SwiftStation ground station, and application specific sensor integrations. The SwiftCore FMS is designed to be modular, robust, and simple to operate allowing users to focus on data products. In addition to the SwiftCore FMS, Black Swift Technologies has unique capabilities to develop and deploy advanced small unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) due the teams combined expertise in the design, implementation, and analysis of advanced smart control systems, expertise in legal and safe flight operations in the United States airspace, and their practical experience and knowledge from thousands of hours of UAS flight operations in demanding conditions. The SwiftCore FMS enables advanced control systems. These smart control systems provide industry leading sensor-based control of the sUAS that minimizes operator workload while improving the quality of the observed data by autonomously modifying the flight path based on sensor inputs. More information on Black Swift Technologies and their suite of sUAS solutions can be found at: www.blackswifttech.com.
About NOAA Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR)
The Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR) – or "NOAA Research" – provides the research foundation for understanding the complex systems that support our planet. Working in partnership with other organizational units of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), a bureau of the Department of Commerce, NOAA Research enables better forecasts, earlier warnings for natural disasters, and a greater understanding of the Earth. Our role is to provide unbiased science to better manage the environment, nationally, and globally. The primary components of NOAA Research are the NOAA Research Laboratories, the National Sea Grant College Program, the NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, the NOAA Climate Program Office, the Office of Weather and Air Quality, NOAA Unmanned Aircraft Systems, and the NOAA Ocean Acidification Program. More information can be found at: research.noaa.gov.
About CUs Integrated Remote & In Situ Sensing Program (IRISS)
IRISS, a pillar of the CU Boulder Grand Challenge, is a multi-disciplinary team that leads the design, development, and deployment of novel remote and in-situ sensing systems to exploit mobility enabled by aerospace systems to enhance data collection from the ground, in the atmosphere, and from space. With its partners, IRISS explores commercial opportunities and fosters discussions on the ethical, legal, and social policy implications of new technologies and big-data collection. More information can be found at: www.colorado.edu/iriss.